CHAPTER I GENERAL POINTS ABOUT COMPLIMENT AND COMPLIMENT RESPONSES 5
1.1 Definition of compliment 5
1.2 Compliment responses. Compliment events 7
CHAPTER II SPEECH ACT OF COMPLIMENT IN MODERN ENGLISH (EXAMPLE «BEAUTY») 10
2.1 Definition of concept «beauty» 10
2.2 Analyze the compliment «beauty» 11
2.3 Cases of using compliments 17
The compliment is one of the most widely used speech acts in Russian and English. While both in Russian and English compliments are employed to extend greetings, show encouragement, extend gratitude and open up a new topic, differences do exist in terms of topics, formulas, and responses. A contrastive analysis of compliments in Russian and English will help increase the awareness of cultural factor in Teaching English as Foreign Language (TFL), thereby improving cross-cultural communications and interactions, so this theme actual today.
Compliments are commonly and widely used both in Russian and English society to greet, encourage, thank, and to open a conversation. As a polite speech act that explicitly or implicitly attributes credit to someone for something that is valued positively by the speaker and hearer, a native speaker of a particular language is taken for granted to know when and how to offer and respond compliment appropriately.
The aim of course work is to research speech act of compliment in modern English.
Tasks of course work are:
- to show definition of compliment, compliment responses, compliment events;
- to study the concept «beauty»;
- to analyze the compliment «beauty»;
- to research cases of using compliments.
CHAPTER I GENERAL POINTS ABOUT COMPLIMENT AND COMPLIMENT RESPONSES
1.1 Definition of compliment
Within the realm of pragmatic ability, the ways in which people carry outspeciﬁc social functions in speaking such as apologizing, complaining,making requests, refusing things/invitations, complimenting, or thankinghave been referred to as speech acts.
Speech acts have a basic meaning as conceived by the speaker (“Do you have a watch?” = do you own a watch?) and an intended or illocutionary meaning (e.g., “Can you tell me what time it is?”), as well as the actual illocutionary force on the listener, also referred to as the uptake (i.e., a request to know the time, and hence, a reply like “It’s 10:30 AM right now.”). In this instance, a young child or a facetious adult might respond to “Do you have a watch?” with “Yes, I do.” If so, the uptake would not work for the speaker, who might then need to ask, “What is the time, then?” While sometimes speech acts are accomplished by a single word like “thanks,” at other times they involve complex and indirect speech over a series of conversational turns.