CHAPTER I WAYS OF TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE 5
1.1 Aims and Principles of Foreign Language Teaching 5
1.2 A history of the teaching of English as a foreign language. Early and current trends. 7
CHAPTER II WAYS IN TEACHING READING 14
2.1 Difficulties which pupils have in reading in the English language 14
2.2 Pupil’s mistakes and ways how to correct them 17
CHAPTER I WAYS OF TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE
1.1 Aims and Principles of Foreign Language Teaching
It is a common knowledge that there are lots of languages in the world, and some of them fall into the category of international languages or languages of wider communication groups, such as English; French, German, Spanish, Russian, Italian and Arabic. All these languages are the official languages of the UN.
English language is very important nowadays. More and more people need English to attend universities and colleges, because now we have an opportunity to get higher education abroad. New ideas in science and medicine happen so quickly that it is impossible to translate everything into different languages. Most articles are published in English. English is the language of international communication in many areas of life: trade, air and sea transport, tourism and sport. Kazakhstan is establishing closer economic, politi¬cal, scientific, and cultural relations with various peoples of the world. International relations are extended and strength¬ened through the exchange of scientific, technical, and cultural information. In this situation foreign language teaching is a matter of state significance.
In modern society language is used in two ways: directly or orally, and indirectly or in written form. Thus we distin¬guish oral language and written language. Direct communi¬cation implies a speaker and a hearer, indirect communica¬tion implies a writer and a reader. Hence the practical aims in teaching a foreign language are four in number: hearing, speaking, reading, and writing.
1.2 A history of the teaching of English as a foreign language. Early and current trends.
The extent and importance of the evolution of language teaching, and therefore, the teaching of English as a foreign language, make it reasonable to define some key concepts. Many theories about the learning and teaching of languages have been proposed from a historical perspective and many changes in language teaching methods have occurred as well as changes in the kind of learners’ need. Developments in other fields such as linguistics, psychology, anthropology, and sociology have been the source of many methods and approaches which searched continuously the most effective method for students to learn a new language. The study of these theories is called today applied linguistics. A central concept to this process was that of method and was defined by Howatt (1984) as “the notion of a systematic set of teaching practices based on a particular theory of language and language learning”. The search for innovations to find more efficient and effective ways of teaching languages preoccupied teachers and applied linguistics throughout the 20th century.